When the bulge into the vagina comes from the rectum it is called a rectocele. As with other forms of pelvic organ prolapse (cystoceles, enteroceles, vaginal prolapse) childbirth, chronic cough, chronic constipation, and obesity are predisposing factors. Symptoms are similar to cystoceles such as pelvic pressure, an unsightly bulge in the vagina, and constipation. Furthermore, the need of reaching into the vagina to push stool out is not uncommon. Surgical repair consists of using sutures to bunch up the bulging tissues together. More modern repair consists of the use of mesh or donor tissues. This newer method gives success rates of over 95% in our hands.